Family Finches (Fringillidae)

Least Concern

Puerto Rican Euphonia (Euphonia sclateri)


French: Organiste de Porto Rico German: Puerto-Rico-Organist Spanish: Eufonia de Puerto Rico

Cyanophonia sclateri

P. L. Sclater

, 1854,

Puerto Rico


Hitherto treated as conspecific with E. musica and E. flavifrons, but differs from latter in characters given under that species and from former in its bright yellow vs orange underparts and lower rump (upper rump yellow in both) (2); bright yellow vs black throat (3); powder blue vs royal blue crown to nape (2); steel blue vs deep purplish gloss on mantle, back and wings (ns[1]); and smaller overall size, with notably shorter tail (effect size –4.02, score 2). Monotypic.


Puerto Rico.

Descriptive notes

10–12 cm; 12·4–16 g. Adult male has lores, side of head including ear-coverts blackish violet, small forehead band deep yellow, crown and nape lustrous sky-blue, blue of nape... read more


No differences known between this species and formerly conspecific E. musica and E.... read more


Recorded in montane forests, shade-coffee plantations and lowland dry, scrub forests; believed to... read more

Food and feeding

Small fruits, especially those of various mistletoes (Phoradendron spp.), of which the present species is an important seed... read more


Poorly known. Probably starts nesting in late Feb, with young regularly observed until early Jul. Nest a grassy domed structure with side... read more


Chiefly resident. Seasonal elevational movements between highlands and lowlands reported, as yet... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Restricted-range species: present in Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands EBA. Uncommon and local, and until mid-20th century it was a... read more

Recommended citation

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N. & Kirwan, G.M. (2020). Puerto Rican Euphonia (Euphonia sclateri). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 21 February 2020).