Family Tyrant-flycatchers (Tyrannidae)

Least Concern

Puerto Rican Flycatcher (Myiarchus antillarum)


French: Tyran de Porto Rico German: Puerto-Rico-Schopftyrann Spanish: Copetón puertorriqueño

Tyrannus antillarum

H. Bryant

, 1866,

Puerto Rico


Sister to M. oberi, based on phylogenetic analysis of mtDNA#R. Sometimes considered conspecific with M. stolidus, but morphologically fairly distinct; vocalizations closest to those of latter, but some small differences in dawn song and daytime vocabulary, and in playback experiments#R present species did not respond to calls of M. stolidus. Monotypic.


Puerto Rico, Vieques, Culebra, and Virgin Is (St Thomas, St John, Tortola, Virgin Gorda).

Descriptive notes

18·5–20 cm; 22–25·3 g. Most white-bellied Myiarchus, also with no rufous in tail. Crown is smoky olive-brown, contrasting with plainer... read more


Distinctive plaintive whistle, “whee”, not ascending but sometimes descending. Dawn song like that... read more


Tropical deciduous forest, arid lowland scrub, mangrove forest and borders, tropical lowland... read more

Food and feeding

Mainly insects; also seeds and berries. Stomach contents of 40 birds in Dec–Aug c. 84% animal matter and 16% plant matter: Hemiptera... read more


Recorded Feb–Jun; inspecting nest holes in latter part of Apr and May; three recently fledged young seen in early Jul. Nest of plant... read more


Presumably sedentary.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Restricted-range species: present in Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands EBA. Common in Puerto Rico, fairly common on Vieques; in Virgin Is, uncommon... read more

Recommended citation

Joseph, L. (2019). Puerto Rican Flycatcher (Myiarchus antillarum). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 7 December 2019).