Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Least Concern

Puerto Rican Mango (Anthracothorax aurulentus)


French: Mango de Porto Rico German: Puerto-Rico-Mangokolibri Spanish: Mango puertorriqueño dorado

Trochilus aurulentus

Audebert and Vieillot

, 1801,

Puerto Rico


Hitherto treated as conspecific with A. dominicus, but differs on account of (in male) blue-black not covering all of underparts below throat but just breast to mid-belly, with flanks green and lower central underparts to vent dark brownish-grey (3); (in male) central rectrices bronzy green vs glossy blackish-blue (2); (in female) outer tail dull brownish-grey, shading to darker subterminal tips and white tips vs violaceous-rufous, cutting sharply to blackish broad subterminal tips and white tips (3); markedly smaller size, although bill length virtually identical (effect size for wing –4.15, tail –5.63; score 3). Monotypic.


Puerto Rico and offshore islands of Culebra and Vieques, and Virgin Is.

Descriptive notes

11–12 cm; male 4·8–7·2 g, female 4–6·4 g. Male has slightly curved black bill; upperparts shiny green-bronze; chin and throat metallic green, breast to mid-belly velvet black... read more


Rather silent. Song apparently undescribed. Calls include a repeated short “tsip” and high-pitched... read more


Found in gardens and at forest edges, principally in the lowlands.

Food and feeding

Diet insects (small wasps, ants, beetles, flies and homopterous insects), spiders and flower nectar, but no detailed studies.


Most nests recorded Mar–Aug, although season probably year-round and is perhaps double-brooded. Nest constructed of vegetable fibres... read more


Sedentary. Single record, pertaining either to present species or (perhaps less likely) to formerly... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). CITES II. Restricted-range species: present in Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands EBA. Generally common in coastal areas with... read more

Recommended citation

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N. & Kirwan, G.M. (2019). Puerto Rican Mango (Anthracothorax aurulentus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 17 June 2019).