Family New World Blackbirds (Icteridae)

Least Concern

Puerto Rican Oriole (Icterus portoricensis)


French: Oriole de Porto Rico German: Puerto-Rico-Trupial Spanish: Turpial puertorriqueño

Icterus dominicensis var. portoricensis

H. Bryant

, 1866,

Puerto Rico


Often treated as conspecific with I. northropi (which see), I. melanopsis and I. dominicensis, but molecular data indicate that present species is closely related to I. bonana and I. oberi#R. Monotypic.


Puerto Rico.

Descriptive notes

22 cm; male 37·2– 44·9 g, female 34–38·9 g. Plumage is mostly black, with yellow lower back and rump, yellow lesser and median upperwing-... read more


Song, lasting c. 2 seconds, a rather high-pitched series of ascending and descending whistles,... read more


Edges of forest and woodland of many types, also palm groves, parks and gardens.

Food and feeding

Insects and other arthropods, small vertebrates, fruits and nectar. Contents of 71 stomachs were mostly invertebrates, particularly beetles... read more


Season Mar–Jun. Probably monogamous. Solitary breeder. Nest, apparently built by female alone, variable in size and complexity,... read more


Apparently resident.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. A fairly common to common species, found even in modified habitats.

Recommended citation

Fraga, R. (2020). Puerto Rican Oriole (Icterus portoricensis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 26 February 2020).