Family Spindalises (Spindalidae)

Least Concern

Puerto Rican Spindalis (Spindalis portoricensis)


French: Zéna de Porto Rico German: Puerto-Rico-Streifenkopftangare Spanish: Cigua puertorriqueña

Tanagra portoricensis

H. Bryant

, 1866,

Puerto Rico




Puerto Rico.

Descriptive notes

16·5–17 cm; male 22·5–37 g, female 28–41·1 g. Male has black head with long, broad white supercilium and sub­moustachial area,... read more


Song a thin, high, squeaky or wiry “zeé-tit-zeé-tittit-´zeé... read more


Woodland and forest, suburban gardens and plantations, at all elevations.

Food and feeding

Feeds mainly on small fruits (e.g. Ficus figs, blackberries and Cecropia) and flower buds, but also some insects. On... read more


Breeds primarily Mar–Jun, sometimes from as early as Dec. Nest a loose cup of vegetation, sometimes with Usnea lichen, built... read more


Resident. Local movements in response to shifting seasonal food supplies, but does not migrate away... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Restricted-range species: present in Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands EBA. Common and widespread. There are 56 nationally... read more

Recommended citation

Hilty, S. & de Juana, E. (2019). Puerto Rican Spindalis (Spindalis portoricensis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 18 February 2019).