Family Todies (Todidae)

Least Concern

Puerto Rican Tody (Todus mexicanus)


French: Todier de Porto Rico German: Gelbflankentodi Spanish: Barrancolí puertorriqueño

Todus mexicanus


, 1838,

Tampico and Vera Cruz, Mexico; error = Puerto Rico


A multi-gene study revealed that present species, T. subulatus and T. todus form a subclade within the family#R. Monotypic.


Puerto Rico.

Descriptive notes

c. 11 cm; male c. 5–7·8 g, female 4·8–6·5 g. Smallest-bodied and least colourful of the todies. Bright green above, with small blue carpal... read more


Most characteristic is a loud, nasal “beep” or “bee-beep”; also an insect-... read more


Found in wide range of habitats from rainforest to arid scrub and dense thickets, shade-coffee... read more

Food and feeding

Insectivorous, with 14 orders and 49 families identified: over 50% of diet consists of flies (Diptera) and beetles (Coleoptera); also... read more


Best-studied todid species. Burrows excavated Sept–Jun, especially Feb–May; laying Mar–Jul. Individual burrows require... read more


None recorded.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Restricted-range species: present in Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands EBA. Generally considered to be common and widespread.... read more

Recommended citation

Kepler, K.A. & Kirwan, G.M. (2019). Puerto Rican Tody (Todus mexicanus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 18 July 2019).