Family Tyrant-flycatchers (Tyrannidae)

Least Concern

Puna Ground-tyrant (Muscisaxicola juninensis)


French: Dormilon de Junin German: Braunscheitel-Grundtyrann Spanish: Dormilona puneña

Muscisaxicola juninensis


, 1884,

Junín, Peru


Formerly considered closely related to M. albilora, and perhaps conspecific, but genetic study refutes this#R. Form tenuirostris is a synonym. Monotypic.


C & S Peru (Ancash S to Tacna and Puno), N Chile (Tarapacá), SW Bolivia (La Paz S to Potosí) and NW Argentina (S to W Tucumán).

Descriptive notes

16·5 cm. Has white supraloral, faint pale supercilium and broken eyering; most of crown tinged dull cinnamon (but lacks distinct coronal patch); upperparts pale... read more


Song unknown. Call is a soft high-pitched "peep" repeated at intervals.


Hillsides and puna grassland and grassy steppes, most often close to rock outcroppings,... read more

Food and feeding

Diet consists of insects. Mainly terrestrial, making short runs and hops, then stopping suddenly and standing erect; less frequently,... read more


Little known. Eggs in Oct in Chile, and juvenile in Jan in Bolivia (Potosí). Nest apparently placed in crevice between rocks. No other... read more


Resident; some altitudinal displacement during harsh weather.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Locally fairly common to common. Occurs in e.g. Machu Picchu Historical Sanctuary, in Peru, Sajama and Eduardo Avaroa National Parks, in Bolivia,... read more

Recommended citation

Farnsworth, A., Langham, G. & Boesman, P. (2020). Puna Ground-tyrant (Muscisaxicola juninensis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 18 January 2020).