French: Colibri à petit bec German: Purpur-Kurzschnabelkolibri Spanish: Colibrí piquicorto común
Subspecies and Distribution
R. m. andicola
Simon, 1921 – Andes of Venezuela (Mérida).
R. m. microrhynchum
(Boissonneau, 1840) – Andes of Colombia, Ecuador and NW Peru (to Cajamarca).
R. m. albiventre
Carriker, 1935 – E slope in C & S Peru (Huánuco to Cuzco and Apurímac).
R. m. bolivianum
Schuchmann, 1984 – Andes of C Bolivia (Cocapata, in Cochabamba).
8–9 cm; c. 3·5 g. Has shortest bill of any hummingbird, straight, black. Male upperparts metallic violet-purple, postocular spot white; gorget iridescent... read more
Song a continuous series of quiet scratchy notes interspersed by short buzzes or dry trills. Calls... read more
Edges of humid montane forest, low shrubbery well below the tree-line in Cochabamba (Bolivia), ... read more
Food and feeding
Feeds on nectar of flowering Ericaceae, Lobeliaceae, Echeveria, Espeletia, Castilleja, Draba, Puya... read more
Possibly May–Sept (Colombia), one fledgling in Dec (Ecuador). Nest described as cup-shaped, made of fine plant fibres inside, moss... read more
Some altitudinal movements most likely.
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. CITES II. Generally uncommon throughout its extensive range. Natural habitat, Polylepis woodland and sub-páramo, in places... read more
Only subscribers are able to see the bibliography. Login or Subscribe to get access to a lot of extra features!