Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Least Concern

Purple-bibbed Whitetip (Urosticte benjamini)


Taxonomy

French: Colibri de Benjamin German: Purpurbrustkolibri Spanish: Colibrí puntiblanco occidental
Taxonomy:

Trochilus Benjamini

Bourcier

, 1851,

Gualea, Ecuador

.

Has been considered conspecific with U. ruficrissa on grounds of intermediate characters of birds from NE Peru (but see below)#R. Proposed race rostrata (W Colombia) is probably based on an aberrant individual. Monotypic.

Distribution:

Pacific slope of W Colombia (headwaters of R San Juan) S to NW Ecuador (Pichincha)#R.

Descriptive notes

8–9 cm; 3·8–4·2 g. Male has medium-sized straight bill, black; above glittering green; prominent white postocular streak; underparts shining green... read more

Voice

A mellow, nasal-sounding fast twittering “tweetweetweetwee...”, also described as a laughing... read more

Habitat

Forest and forest borders of montane regions at 700–1600 m. A solitary bird, foraging mainly... read more

Food and feeding

Nectar of flowering Ericaceae, Fabaceae (Inga), Rubiaceae and bromeliads. Insects are gleaned from the surface or caught in the... read more

Breeding

Jan–Apr in Ecuador. Compact cup-shaped nest of moss and fern hairs is built in shrubs or vines along steep ravines, about 2–4 m... read more

Movements

Sedentary in Colombia. In W Ecuador, after breeding, individuals disperse to lower altitudes.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. CITES II. Restricted-range species: present in Chocó EBA. A common bird in montane forests. Part of the range of the species is legally... read more

Recommended citation

Schuchmann, K.L., Kirwan, G.M. & Boesman, P. (2019). Purple-bibbed Whitetip (Urosticte benjamini). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/55599 on 18 July 2019).