Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Least Concern

Purple-collared Woodstar (Myrtis fanny)


French: Colibri de Fanny German: Türkiskehlelfe Spanish: Colibrí de Myrtis

Ornismya Fanny


, 1838,



Relationships unclear; eclipse plumage of adult male may indicate close affinities to Thaumastura and Calliphlox; some researchers postulate close links to North American genera Calypte and Stellula (latter now subsumed within Selasphorus). Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • M. f. fanny (Lesson, 1838) – W & SE Ecuador and W Peru (Piura S to Arequipa).
  • M. f. megalura J. T. Zimmer, 1953 – N Peru from S Cajamarca (Cajabamba) through SE La Libertad to extreme NW Huánuco.
  • Descriptive notes

    7·5–8 cm; 2·3–2·5 g. Male has short, slightly decurved black bill; upperparts bronze-green; throat and sides of neck iridescent aquamarine,... read more


    In display, male flies in a large semi-circle over female. At upper ends, the male utters a series... read more


    Arid and semi-arid coastal scrub, open woodland and gardens from lowlands to 3000 m; in Ecuador... read more

    Food and feeding

    Nectar of flowering Malvaceae, cacti, Cordia and Russelia. Both sexes are trap-liners for nectar along fairly constant... read more


    Mar–Jun in Ecuador, Jun–Oct in Peru. Tiny cup-shaped nest of fine plant fibre and spider web is built in the fork of thin... read more


    Not known, but altitudinal movements most likely.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. CITES II. Common resident from the coastal lowlands to higher altitudes; readily accepts man-made habitats like gardens and cultivated ­areas.

    Recommended citation

    Schuchmann, K.L. & Boesman, P. (2020). Purple-collared Woodstar (Myrtis fanny). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 23 January 2020).