French: Roselin pourpré German: Purpurgimpel Spanish: Camachuelo purpúreo
J. F. Gmelin
South Carolina, USA
Subspecies and Distribution
H. p. californicus
(S. F. Baird, 1858) – Western Purple Finch – SW Canada (British Columbia) S along Pacific coast of W USA to California (Coast Ranges, Cascade Mts and W Sierra Nevada); non-breeding also to SE California, Arizona and extreme NW Mexico (NW Baja California).
H. p. purpureus
(J. F. Gmelin, 1789) – Eastern Purple Finch – S Canada (except SW) and NE USA; migrates mostly to SE USA S to C Texas and N Florida.
13·5–14·5 cm; 17·5–28·4 g. Medium-sized, stoutly built, large-billed rosefinch with notched tail. Male nominate race has forehead to... read more
Song, usually by male from regular and prominent perch at top of tree or during display-flight, a... read more
Open conifer woods and forests, also mixed deciduous and conifer, especially pine-oak (Pinus... read more
Food and feeding
Mostly seeds, buds, shoots, blossom and nectar of trees; also some insects and larvae. Seeds, buds and shoots include those of elm (... read more
Season Apr to early Aug; two broods. Monogamous. Solitary. Displaying male raises crest, fluffs out breast feathers, flutters wings... read more
Resident and migratory. Present within breeding range throughout year from S Manitoba E to S... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Common to locally common; often numerous on migration and in wintering areas. Status in Baja California (NW Mexico) unclear; may be scarce resident... read more
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