French: Talève violacée German: Zwergsultanshuhn Spanish: Calamoncillo americano
Other common names:
American Purple Gallinule,
Martinique, West Indies
Interior E USA; Pacific coast from Nayarit (W Mexico) and Atlantic coast from Maryland and Delaware, S through SE USA, Central America, West Indies and N & C South America S to S Peru and N Argentina. N populations winter S from Texas and Florida.
27–36 cm; male 203–305 g, female 142–291 g; wingspan 50–55 cm. Similar to P. alleni, but noticeably larger with purple head, paler neck,... read more
Typical calls a sharp, high-pitched “kyik”, sometimes with booming undertone; and loud... read more
Occurs mainly in subtropical and tropical lowlands and coastal fringes, in lush wetlands, notably... read more
Food and feeding
Predominantly plant material, including pondweed, sedges, willows, water-lilies, fruits, seeds of annual grasses and sedges and of floating... read more
USA, May–Aug, in some habitats, e.g. rice fields, nesting delayed until plant density adequate; El Salvador, Jul–Aug; Panama,... read more
North American birds migrate S over Gulf of Mexico, Oct–Nov, a few remaining to Dec.... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Little information on current populations and population trends but, as wetland habitat quality and quantity are keys to population... read more
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