Family Sunbirds (Nectariniidae)

Least Concern

Purple-rumped Sunbird (Leptocoma zeylonica)


Taxonomy

French: Souimanga à croupion pourpre German: Ceylonnektarvogel Spanish: Suimanga cingalés
Taxonomy:

Certhia zeylonica

Linnaeus

, 1766,

Sri Lanka

.

Geographical variation minimal. Other proposed races, both from peninsular India, are whistleri (described from Muddur, in Karnataka) and sola (from Pondicherry, in Tamil Nadu), both considered unsustainable and included in flaviventris. Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • L. z. flaviventris (Hermann, 1804) – India (from E Gujarat E to Meghalaya and S through entire peninsula) and Bangladesh; unconfirmed records in W Myanmar#R.
  • L. z. zeylonica (Linnaeus, 1766) – Sri Lanka.
  • Descriptive notes

    10 cm; male 7–11 g, female 7–7·9 g. Male nominate race has metallic green crown and shoulder patch, deep chestnut-maroon side of head, nape and back, and... read more

    Voice

    Song a sharp twittering “tityou, tityou, tityou, trr-r-r-tit, tityou…”, also a... read more

    Habitat

    Various types of forest and jungle, including secondary forest, at forest edge, in farmland, dry... read more

    Food and feeding

    Insects, including caterpillars, also spiders (Araneae); also nectar and grapes, and fruits of mistletoes (Loranthaceae) probably eaten.... read more

    Breeding

    Laying recorded in all months in India, peaks Mar–May in West Bengal, Dec–Apr and Jul–Sept (after monsoon) in S, and Jun... read more

    Movements

    Resident. In Sri Lanka ascends to highest altitudes during NE monsoon.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Common in India, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. Possible occurrence in W Myanmar requires corroboration. An important propagator of mistletoes, but... read more

    Recommended citation

    Cheke, R. & Mann, C. (2019). Purple-rumped Sunbird (Leptocoma zeylonica). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/60010 on 19 February 2019).