Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Least Concern

Purple-throated Carib (Eulampis jugularis)


French: Colibri madère German: Purpurkehlkolibri Spanish: Colibrí caribeño gorjimorado

Trochilus jugularis


, 1766,

Cayenne and Suriname; error = Lesser Antilles




Lesser Antilles from Saba, St Eustatius, St Kitts, Nevis, Antigua and Montserrat through Guadeloupe, Dominica and Martinique to St Lucia and St Vincent.

Descriptive notes

11–12 cm; male 9–12 g, female 7–10 g, unsexed 6·7–10·8 g. Male has short bill, slightly curved, black. A sturdy, dark velvet hummingbird... read more


Calls include a strident “tsip” and sharp “chewp”, repeated rapidly when agitated.


Forest edges and treetops of secondary and primary forest at altitudes of 800–1200 m.

Food and feeding

Nectar of indigenous (Cordia, Clusia) and introduced trees (Spathodea, Delonix, Caesalpinia).... read more


Season Feb–May, occasionally Jan–Sept. Cup-shaped compact nest on vertical branch in tree at 3–5 m, rather small compared... read more


On some islands (St Lucia, St Vincent) individuals occur at sea-level at end of May. Casual... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). CITES II. Restricted-range species: present in Lesser Antilles EBA. Common resident in forests and plantations at higher altitudes.... read more

Recommended citation

Schuchmann, K.L., Boesman, P. & Kirwan, G.M. (2020). Purple-throated Carib (Eulampis jugularis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 20 January 2020).