Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Least Concern

Purple-throated Carib (Eulampis jugularis)


Taxonomy

French: Colibri madère German: Purpurkehlkolibri Spanish: Colibrí caribeño gorjimorado
Taxonomy:

Trochilus jugularis

Linnaeus

, 1766,

Cayenne and Suriname; error = Lesser Antilles

.

Monotypic.

Distribution:

Lesser Antilles from Saba, St Eustatius, St Kitts, Nevis, Antigua and Montserrat through Guadeloupe, Dominica and Martinique to St Lucia and St Vincent.

Descriptive notes

11–12 cm; male 9–12 g, female 7–10 g. Male has short bill, slightly curved, black. A sturdy, dark velvet hummingbird. Malar region, throat and chest fiery... read more

Voice

Calls include a strident “tsip” and sharp “chewp”, repeated rapidly when agitated.

Habitat

Forest edges and tree tops of secondary and primary forest at altitudes of 800–1200 m.

Food and feeding

Nectar of indigenous (Cordia, Clusia) and introduced trees (Spatho­dea, Delonix, Caesalpinia... read more

Breeding

Feb–May, occasionally Jan–Sept. Cup-shaped compact nest on vertical branch in tree at 3–5 m, rather small compared with... read more

Movements

On some islands (St Lucia, St Vincent) individuals occur at sea-level at end of May. Casual... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. CITES II. Restricted-range species: present in Lesser Antilles EBA. Common resident in forests and plantations at higher altitudes. Density in the... read more

Recommended citation

Schuchmann, K.L. & Boesman, P. (2017). Purple-throated Carib (Eulampis jugularis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/55411 on 23 November 2017).