Family Parrots (Psittacidae)

Near Threatened

Pygmy Hanging-parrot (Loriculus exilis)


French: Coryllis vert German: Däumlingspapageichen Spanish: Lorículo exiguo
Other common names: Green Hanging-parrot, Red-billed Hanging-parrot, Small Sulawesi Hanging-parrot

Loriculus exilis


, 1866,

Tulabulo, Sulawesi


Forms a species-group with L. pusillus and L. flosculus, and sometimes considered conspecific with latter. Monotypic.


Sulawesi and Butung#R.

Descriptive notes

10–11 cm. Green, more yellowish on underparts; bill red; thin red spot on throat, bordered bluish below; rump and uppertail-coverts red; legs orange. Female has red... read more


Not well documented. Calls include short, staccato, high-pitched, insect-like notes, given in... read more


Hill and lowland forest, occasionally mangroves and trees in open country, from sea-level to 1000 m. read more

Food and feeding

Figs (Ficus), nectar and blossoms.


Feb and Aug. Nest in hole in dead palm. Clutch size unknown, but egg size (in captivity) 18·9–19·6 mm × 14... read more


Probably nomadic, following the flowering of trees; in May 1871, after several months with only a... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near Threatened. CITES II. A BirdLife “restricted-range” species. Overlooked or decidedly local, generally in small... read more

Recommended citation

Collar, N., Kirwan, G.M. & Boesman, P. (2019). Pygmy Hanging-parrot (Loriculus exilis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 13 December 2019).