French: Cardinal pyrrhuloxia German: Schmalschnabelkardinal Spanish: Cardenal pardo
western part of Mexico (Zacatecas)
Subspecies and Distribution
C. s. fulvescens
(van Rossem, 1934) – S USA (S Arizona) and NW Mexico (Sonora, Sinaloa and W Durango S to N Nayarit).
C. s. peninsulae
(Ridgway, 1887) – extreme NW Mexico (Baja California S from c. 27° N).
C. s. sinuatus
Bonaparte, 1838 – S USA (S New Mexico E to SE & C Texas) and S in C highlands and E lowlands of Mexico to NE Jalisco, N Michoacán, Querétaro, San Luis Potosí and Tamaulipas.
19–21·5 cm; male 30·1–44·2 g, females 24·4–43·2 g (Arizona). Has distinctive bill, with upper mandible short, thick and... read more
Song a series of whistles, usually of one syllable, sometimes more, “cheewee, cheewee”... read more
Arid brushland, including mesquite (Prosopis) savanna, riparian woodland, various types of... read more
Food and feeding
In one study in Texas (USA) involving stomach contents, food c. 70% vegetable matter, 30% animal matter. Much of vegetable matter was seeds... read more
Eggs Mar–Aug in Texas and to Sept in Arizona, in both cases majority in May; apparently predominantly single-brooded, but some cases... read more
Resident; may wander locally outside breeding season, but no ringing recoveries of more than 20 km... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Quite common in suitable habitat in USA; uncommon to fairly common in Mexico. Densities in Texas 10–80 individuals/40 ha, in Arizona, 6–8... read more
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