Family Pheasants, Partridges, Turkeys, Grouse (Phasianidae)

Least Concern

Rain Quail (Coturnix coromandelica)


French: Caille nattée German: Regenwachtel Spanish: Codorniz coromandélica

Tetrao coromandelicus

J. F. Gmelin

, 1789,

Coromandel coast, south-east India


Closely related to C. delegorguei. Monotypic.


Pakistan E to Myanmar and N & C Thailand and S through India. Recent records from S Annam (Vietnam) and Cambodia would extend range considerably to SE.

Descriptive notes

c. 16–18 cm; 64–85 g. Male has distinctive (but variable) underparts pattern, but black is sometimes restricted to just a few spots on central breast. Female... read more


Male advertising call is a very distinctive, musical, slightly metallic-sounding double-noted... read more


Generally open habitats including grassland, cultivation (including tea plantations and dry rice... read more

Food and feeding

Grass and weed seeds, and insects. Often recorded in small flocks.


Nesting during wet season, Mar–Oct (mainly Aug–Oct), but may vary according to local rainfall and Dec nests recorded.... read more


Irregular dispersal before breeding in Pakistan where arrives in plains in late Jun, departing from... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Mace Lande: safe. Considered safe on the basis of its extensive range and subjective estimates of numbers and trend in some areas.... read more

Recommended citation

McGowan, P.J.K. & Kirwan, G.M. (2019). Rain Quail (Coturnix coromandelica). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 16 December 2019).