Family Typical Owls (Strigidae)

Least Concern

Rajah Scops-owl (Otus brookii)


French: Petit-duc radjah German: Radscha-Zwergohreule Spanish: Autillo rajá

Scops brookii


, 1892,

Mount Dulit, Sarawak, Borneo


Probably closest to O. angelinae. Has been considered conspecific with latter, but the two differ in morphology and possibly in behaviour. Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • O. b. solokensis (E. J. O. Hartert, 1893) – Sumatra.
  • O. b. brookii (Sharpe, 1892) – N Borneo.
  • Specimen from E Java (Ijen) assigned to this species, but identity disputed; may belong to another species of Otus.

    Descriptive notes

    21–25 cm; no data on body mass. Medium-sized scops-owl; brown overall; prominent ear tufts with white on inner side; upperparts rusty-brown, heavily marked with dark... read more


    Clear, monotonous note, described as explosive “whaooo”, followed by single or... read more


    Montane rainforest, primarily between 1200 m and 2400 m (down to c. 900 m); perhaps only in the... read more

    Food and feeding

    Little information. On basis of stomach contents of specimens, primarily insects, especially Coleoptera and Orthoptera, also moths, and... read more


    Very poorly known. Report of adults accompanying 2 fledglings in Jul. First nest known to science found in late Apr 2009 at Bukit Barisan... read more



    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). CITES II. Restricted-range species: present in Bornean Mountains EBA and Sumatra and Peninsular Malaysia EBA. Formerly classified... read more

    Recommended citation

    Holt, D.W., Berkley, R., Deppe, C., Enríquez Rocha, P., Petersen, J.L., Rangel Salazar, J.L., Segars, K.P., Wood, K.L. & Marks, J.S. (2019). Rajah Scops-owl (Otus brookii). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 14 December 2019).