Family Pigeons, Doves (Columbidae)

Critically Endangered

Rapa Fruit-dove (Ptilinopus huttoni)


French: Ptilope de Hutton German: Rapafruchttaube Spanish: Tilopo de Rapa
Other common names: Rapa Island Fruit-dove, Hutton's Fruit-dove

Ptilonopus [sic] huttoni


, 1874,

Rapa Island, Tubuai Islands


Belongs to the large species-group centred on P. purpuratus (which see), forming part of the subgroup centred on that same species. Monotypic.


Rapa I, in Tubuai (Austral) Is.

Descriptive notes

31 cm; 130 g. Forehead, forecrown, small malar patch, patch on upper belly, and undertail-coverts pinkish purple; neck and breast silvery grey tinged with green; ventral area... read more


Quite vocal, occasionally after dusk. Advertising call is a long rhythmic cooing phrase lasting c.... read more


Inhabits forest at 40–450 m elevation, preferring dense forest types; visits many kinds of... read more

Food and feeding

Primarily frugivorous, though also reported to feed on insects and on flowers or nectar of Metrosideros (Myrtaceae); long bill may... read more


Juveniles collected in Feb, Apr and Dec.


Within the island, frequently flies between patches of the much fragmented habitat. Wingbeats heavy... read more

Status and conservation

CRITICALLY ENDANGERED. Surveys in 1990 yielded a population estimate of 274 birds (175–368, with 95% confidence limits); this is in general agreement with surveys in... read more

Recommended citation

Baptista, L.F., Trail, P.W., Horblit, H.M., Sharpe, C.J., Boesman, P. & Garcia, E.F.J. (2019). Rapa Fruit-dove (Ptilinopus huttoni). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 11 December 2019).