Family Cardinals (Cardinalidae)

Near Threatened

Red-and-black Grosbeak (Caryothraustes erythromelas)


Taxonomy

French: Cardinal érythromèle German: Schwarzkopfkardinal Spanish: Picogrueso rojinegro
Taxonomy:

Loxia erythromelas

J. F. Gmelin

, 1789,

Cayenne, French Guiana

.

Monotypic.

Distribution:

Extreme E Venezuela (E Bolívar, E Delta Amacuro), N & C Guyana, Suriname (except extreme SW), French Guiana, and N Brazil (Amapá S to E Pará and N & W Maranhão; also isolated in NE & S#R Amazonas and W Pará; recently recorded in Rondônia#R).

Descriptive notes

20·5 cm; one male 48 g. Male has entire head, chin and throat black; red nape collar separating black of head from deep reddish of upperparts; wing-feathers blackish-brown... read more

Voice

Song an exceptionally sweet series of halting phrases that slide up and down, given slowly with... read more

Habitat

Mature lowland humid forest, terra firme, also seasonally flooded forest; sea-level to... read more

Food and feeding

Little published information; stomach contents of one specimen described as arthropods, of another insects 40% and seeds 60%. In pairs and... read more

Breeding

No information.

Movements

Apparently sedentary; ranges widely within its territory.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Almost always rare and at low density and in small numbers throughout its range. Rare in French Guiana. Not recorded in Suriname until 1972, although... read more

Recommended citation

Brewer, D. (2019). Red-and-black Grosbeak (Caryothraustes erythromelas). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/62193 on 20 April 2019).