Family Cardinals (Cardinalidae)

Near Threatened

Red-and-black Grosbeak (Caryothraustes erythromelas)


French: Cardinal érythromèle German: Schwarzkopfkardinal Spanish: Picogrueso rojinegro

Loxia erythromelas

J. F. Gmelin

, 1789,

Cayenne, French Guiana




Extreme E Venezuela (E Bolívar, E Delta Amacuro), N & C Guyana, Suriname (except extreme SW), French Guiana, and N Brazil (Amapá S to E Pará and N & W Maranhão; also isolated in NE & S#R Amazonas and W Pará; recently recorded in Rondônia#R).

Descriptive notes

20·5 cm; one male 48 g. Male has entire head, chin and throat black; red nape collar separating black of head from deep reddish of upperparts; wing-feathers blackish-brown... read more


Song an exceptionally sweet series of halting phrases that slide up and down, given slowly with... read more


Mature lowland humid forest, terra firme, also seasonally flooded forest; sea-level to... read more

Food and feeding

Little published information; stomach contents of one specimen described as arthropods, of another insects 40% and seeds 60%. In pairs and... read more


No information.


Apparently sedentary; ranges widely within its territory.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Almost always rare and at low density and in small numbers throughout its range. Rare in French Guiana. Not recorded in Suriname until 1972, although... read more

Recommended citation

Brewer, D. (2020). Red-and-black Grosbeak (Caryothraustes erythromelas). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 28 January 2020).