Family Parrots (Psittacidae)


Red-and-blue Lory (Eos histrio)


French: Lori arlequin German: Harlekinlori Spanish: Lori de las Sangihe

Psittacus histrio

Statius Müller

, 1776,

Sangihe Islands


Proposed race challengeri no longer regarded as valid: apparently known only from type specimens, purchased at sea from local canoes purportedly coming from Miangas Is (extreme N Sulawesi subregion), although probably from Nenusa Is (closer to Talaud Is), but birds may have originated from neither, and now thought probably to have been either dispersing or introduced; these specimens may have been immatures of talautensis, and characters of size and plumage appear to overlap with this race#R#R; if the two names prove to be synonyms, name challengeri would have priority; further study required. Two subspecies currently recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • E. h. talautensis A. B. Meyer & Wiglesworth, 1894 – Talaud Is (now almost exclusively on Karakelong; at least formerly on Salebabu and Kabaruang).
  • E. h. histrio (Statius Müller, 1776) – Sangihe Is, but probably now extinct.
  • Descriptive notes

    31 cm. Red, with orange bill and purplish blue patch on mid- to hindcrown and broad line from around eye down side of neck to mantle; breastband, mantle and back purplish... read more


    Gives harsh screeching and whistled notes in flight and when gathering at roosts, but is usually... read more


    Forest and edge, visiting coconut plantations and other open areas to feed.

    Food and feeding

    Seen feeding in coconut (Cocos nucifera), Ficus, Canarium, Lansium domesticum and Syzygium... read more


    Main period, Talaud, Apr–May, but also Nov–Dec; latter is reportedly main period on Sangihe. Nest in hole in large tree (once a... read more


    Local people report an influx of up to 150 birds each year on Salebabu, Nov–Mar, and large... read more

    Status and conservation

    ENDANGERED. CITES I (since Feb 1995). Restricted-range species: present in Sangihe and Talaud EBA. Overall population currently placed at 5500–14,000 mature individuals... read more

    Recommended citation

    Collar, N., Kirwan, G.M. & Sharpe, C.J. (2019). Red-and-blue Lory (Eos histrio). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 19 October 2019).