French: Amarante du Sénégal German: Senegalamarant Spanish: Amaranta senegalesa
Subspecies and Distribution
L. s. senegala
(Linnaeus, 1766) – S Mauritania, Senegal, Gambia, Mali, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Sierra Leone and N Liberia E to Nigeria (except E); also mesic oases in N Niger.
L. s. rhodopsis
(Heuglin, 1863) – E Nigeria, S Chad, N Cameroon, N Central African Republic, W Sudan, N & W South Sudan, and lowlands of W Eritrea and W Ethiopia.
L. s. brunneiceps
Sharpe, 1890 – E Sudan N down R Nile, SE South Sudan, Eritrea and C & E Ethiopia above 1000 m and N Kenya.
L. s. somaliensis
Salvadori, 1894 – SE Ethiopia and Somalia.
L. s. ruberrima
Reichenow, 1903 – E & SE DRCongo, Uganda and Kenya S to NE Angola, NE Zambia and N Malawi.
L. s. rendalli
E. J. O. Hartert, 1898 – S Angola, S & E Zambia, Malawi and Mozambique S to N Namibia, N & E Botswana, Zimbabwe, much of South Africa, Swaziland and Lesotho#R.
9–10 cm; 7–12 g. Male nominate race has head to breast red, some brown on crown and nape, small white spots on side of breast; upperparts red-washed brown, rump... read more
Contact call a fluty whistle, "pea", often rising in pitch; alarm call a sharp "... read more
Open grassy woodland with acacia (Acacia) thornbush, thicket clumps near open ground,... read more
Food and feeding
Small grass seeds (diameter 1–2 mm), notably of the annuals Echinochloa and Setaria, and in Ethiopia cultivated tef... read more
Season Jul–Apr (mainly Oct–Dec) in Senegal, all year except height of dry season (mainly May–Oct) in Nigeria, Mar–... read more
Resident, with local movements. Local disappearance at time of lowered body fat in late dry season... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Common in most of range, and locally abundant; uncommon in NW & S Somalia, and rare in N Liberia. In Lochinvar National Park, in Zambia, density... read more
Only subscribers are able to see the bibliography. Login or Subscribe to get access to a lot of extra features!