Family Ovenbirds (Furnariidae)

Least Concern

Red-billed Woodcreeper (Hylexetastes perrotii)


French: Grimpar de Perrot German: Weißbart-Baumsteiger Spanish: Trepatroncos piquirrojo

Dendrocolaptes Perrotii


, 1844,

Colombia; error = “Cayenne”


Close to H. stresemanni and possibly conspecific (see below). Race uniformis sometimes treated as separate species on basis of differences in plumage and, to lesser extent, body size#R, despite vocal similarity and lack of behavioural data; brigidai described as a full species on basis of diagnostic but relatively subtle plumage characters#R, but is similar structurally and vocally to uniformis; intermediates not known, but total number of specimens small. Morphological and vocal similarities to nominate (songs possibly not identical) suggest that both are better considered races of present species. Three subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • H. p. perrotii (Lafresnaye, 1844) – Red-billed Woodcreeper – NE Amazonia in E Venezuela (R Yuruán, in NE Bolívar), the Guianas and N Brazil (lower R Negro and C Roraima E to Amapá).
  • H. p. uniformis Hellmayr, 1909 – Uniform Woodcreeper – S Amazonia S of Amazon, in Brazil (R Madeira and tributaries E to upper R Xingu, S to SW Mato Grosso) and NE Bolivia (NE Santa Cruz).
  • H. p. brigidai J. M. C. Silva et al., 1995 – Brigida's Woodcreeper – SE Amazonian Brazil in S Pará from R Xingu E to R Tocantins and R Araguaia.
  • Descriptive notes

    25–30 cm; male 112–137·5 g, female 110–145 g (perrotii), male 86·5–121 g, female 95–118 g (uniformis and brigidai... read more


    Song, given almost exclusively at first or last light from canopy of tall tree near centre of... read more


    Primarily humid terra firme forest in Amazonian lowlands and hilly Guianan interior;... read more

    Food and feeding

    Diet mostly small arthropods; larger items, including small vertebrates, sometimes taken. Prey often quite small (including ant and wasp... read more


    Little known; eggs and most aspects of breeding biology undescribed. Birds with gonads greatly enlarged in early Oct and moderately... read more



    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Status poorly known; probably uncommon to rare throughout its range, and apparently present at most sites in low densities and on large, mutually... read more

    Recommended citation

    Marantz, C.A., Aleixo, A., Bevier, L.R. & Patten, M.A. (2019). Red-billed Woodcreeper (Hylexetastes perrotii). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 8 December 2019).