Colombia; error = “Cayenne”.
Close to H. stresemanni and possibly conspecific (see below). Race uniformis sometimes treated as separate species on basis of differences in plumage and, to lesser extent, body size#R, despite vocal similarity and lack of behavioural data; brigidai described as a full species on basis of diagnostic but relatively subtle plumage characters#R, but is similar structurally and vocally to uniformis; intermediates not known, but total number of specimens small. Morphological and vocal similarities to nominate (songs possibly not identical) suggest that both are better considered races of present species. Three subspecies recognized.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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