French: Gobemouche nain German: Zwergschnäpper Spanish: Papamoscas papirrojo
C, E & SE Europe (from C Finland, SE Sweden, N Germany, Austria, Croatia and N Greece) E to Urals, NW Kazakhstan, N Turkey, Caucasus and N Iran; non-breeding mainly Pakistan and N, W & C India, locally in SE Arabia#R.
11·5 cm; 8·5–11·5 g. Male breeding has forehead, crown and hindneck brown, tinged grey, lores, ear-coverts and neck side ashy grey, narrow... read more
Song melodious, resonant and loud, characterized by whistling notes on descending scale, notes... read more
Breeds in forest and woodland, mainly mixed deciduous stands, especially with beech (Fagus... read more
Food and feeding
Eats mainly insects and other invertebrates, especially beetles (Coleoptera) and spiders (Araneae), but also dragonflies and damselflies (... read more
Nests mid-May to end Jun in C & E Europe and in late May and Jun in former USSR; usually single-brooded. Monogamous; solitary nester.... read more
Long-distance migrant. Most individuals migrate SE to non-breeding grounds in Pakistan and India,... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Common. In Europe, scarce in W of range but becomes commoner to E, reaching highest densities in Slovakia, Poland, Belarus, the... read more
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