French: Gobemouche nain German: Zwergschnäpper Spanish: Papamoscas papirrojo
C, E & SE Europe (from C Finland, SE Sweden, N Germany, Austria, Croatia and N Greece) E to Urals, NW Kazakhstan, N Turkey, Caucasus and N Iran; non-breeding mainly Pakistan and N, W & C India, locally in SE Arabia#R.
11·5 cm; 8·5–11·5 g (parva), 8–14 g (albicilla). Male nominate race breeding has forehead, crown and hindneck brown, tinged... read more
Song melodious, resonant and loud, characterized by whistling notes on descending scale, notes... read more
Breeds in forest and woodland, mainly mixed deciduous stands, especially with beech (Fagus... read more
Food and feeding
Eats mainly insects and other invertebrates, especially beetles (Coleoptera) and spiders (Araneae), but also dragonflies and damselflies (... read more
Nests mid-May to end Jun in C & E Europe; in former USSR, nominate race nests in late May and Jun and race albicilla from mid-... read more
Long-distance migrant. Most European birds (nominate race) migrate SE to non-breeding grounds in... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Common. In Europe, in W of range but becomes commoner to E, reaching highest densities in Slovakia, Poland, Belarus, the Baltic countries and Romania... read more
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