Family Parrots (Psittacidae)

Least Concern

Red-cheeked Parrot (Geoffroyus geoffroyi)


French: Perruche de Geoffroy German: Rotkopfpapagei Spanish: Lorito carirrojo

Psittacus Geoffroyi


, 1811,

New Holland; error = Timor


Race explorator rather poorly differentiated, may be better synonymized with rhodops. Proposed races sumbavensis and tjindanae are synonyms of floresianus; stresemanni is included within rhodops. Seventeen subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • G. g. cyanicollis (S. Müller, 1841) – N Moluccas (Morotai, Halmahera, Bacan).
  • G. g. obiensis (Finsch, 1868) – NC Moluccas (Obi, Bisa).
  • G. g. rhodops (Schlegel, 1864) – S Moluccas (Buru, Boano, Seram, Ambon, Haruku, Saparua).
  • G. g. explorator E. J. O. Hartert, 1901 – Seram Laut Is (E of Seram).
  • G. g. keyensis Finsch, 1868 – Kai Is (Kai Kecil, Kai Besar).
  • G. g. floresianus Salvadori, 1891 – W Lesser Sundas (Lombok, Sumbawa, Flores, Besar, Sumba).
  • G. g. geoffroyi (Bechstein, 1811) – C Lesser Sundas (Wetar, Timor, Semau).
  • G. g. timorlaoensis A. B. Meyer, 1884 – Tanimbar Is (E Lesser Sundas).
  • G. g. pucherani Souancé, 1856 – Gebe, W Papuan Is (Waigeo, Batanta, Salawati, Misool) and NW New Guinea.
  • G. g. mysorensis (A. B. Meyer, 1874) – Numfor and Biak, in N Geelvink Bay.
  • G. g. jobiensis (A. B. Meyer, 1874) – Mios Num and Yapen, in Geelvink Bay.
  • G. g. minor Neumann, 1922 – N New Guinea from E Geelvink Bay E to Astrolabe Bay.
  • G. g. orientalis A. B. Meyer, 1891 – Huon Peninsula (NE New Guinea).
  • G. g. aruensis (G. R. Gray, 1858) – Aru Is; lowlands of S & E New Guinea, and D’Entrecasteaux Archipelago (Fergusson I, Goodenough I).
  • G. g. sudestiensis De Vis, 1890 – Misima and Tagula, in Louisiade Archipelago.
  • G. g. cyanicarpus E. J. O. Hartert, 1899 – Rossel, in E Louisiade Archipelago.
  • G. g. maclennani (W. D. K. MacGillivray, 1913) – N Queensland (Cape York Peninsula), in NE Australia.
  • Descriptive notes

    21–27 cm; 130–180 g. Green above, yellowish green below; upper mandible red, lower black; head red except mid- to hindcrown pale violet blue; dull red stain on... read more


    Very vocal. Vocabulary includes a wide variety of calls, e.g. nasal screeches repeated at a... read more


    Lowlands generally to c. 800 m, sometimes higher (e.g. 1400 m, Flores and Lombok, and 1440 m, Buru... read more

    Food and feeding

    Seeds, nuts, fruits, berries, flower buds, blossoms all recorded, but seeds within fruit, such as Eucalyptus papuana, ... read more


    Apr–Aug in Lesser Sundas; Feb in NW New Guinea; Oct in NE New Guinea; Apr and Oct–Dec in S New Guinea (probably in most of year... read more


    Substantial daily flights are made, but no hard evidence of seasonal movements.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. CITES II. Common to abundant throughout much of range; estimated at 30 birds/km² in one area of New Guinea, and at 80 birds/km² on... read more

    Recommended citation

    Collar, N., Kirwan, G.M. & Boesman, P. (2019). Red-cheeked Parrot (Geoffroyus geoffroyi). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 16 December 2019).