French: Râle à camail German: Rotbrustralle Spanish: Polluela rufa
Cape Province, South Africa
Subspecies and Distribution
S. r. bonapartii
(Bonaparte, 1856) – scattered records (in Liberia and Togo) from Sierra Leone E to Nigeria; more continuously in S Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon and Congo.
S. r. elizabethae
van Someren, 1919 – WC Ethiopia; SW Central African Republic and N & E DRCongo E to Uganda and W Kenya.
S. r. rufa
(Vieillot, 1819) – C Kenya through Tanzania (including Zanzibar and Pemba I#R), S DRCongo and Angola to South Africa.
15–17 cm; male 30–46·5 (38·8) g, female 29·5–42 (36·6) g; wingspan c. 25 cm. Tail noticeably long, especially compared to... read more
Vocal repertoire very extensive. Song of male a series of high-pitched short hoots “woooo... read more
Wide range of wetland vegetation types, from seasonally wet hygrophilous grassland and sedge meadow... read more
Food and feeding
Takes wide variety of invertebrate prey, including earthworms, small gastropods, spiders, and adults and larvae of many insects, including... read more
Season indeterminate in equatorial regions; Sierra Leone, May, Jul; Nigeria, Dec; Cameroon, Mar–Jul; Gabon, Nov–Dec, Mar; Zaire... read more
No evidence for regular movements; pairs entirely sedentary and permanently territorial when... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Widespread, sometimes locally common to abundant, e.g. in Congo, Malawi, South Africa, Zambia and Zimbabwe, but much less common... read more
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