Family Tanagers (Thraupidae)

Least Concern

Red-cowled Cardinal (Paroaria dominicana)


French: Paroare dominicain German: Dominikanertangare Spanish: Cardenilla dominica

Loxia Dominicana


, 1758,



Apparently closely related to P. coronata. Monotypic.


NE Brazil from Maranhão, Piauí and Ceará S to N Minas Gerais. Currently expanding, probably due to escapes, to W and S of its range.

Descriptive notes

18 cm; 30–34 g. A medium-sized sturdy, thickset passerine with flat crown, rounded peak on rear crown, and somewhat pot-bellied look; bill rather thick and relatively... read more


Song sweet, melodious and somewhat repetitive, interspersed with distinctive set of paired notes,... read more


Light caatinga woodland and similarly open dry scrubby areas of dry forest; adapts well,... read more

Food and feeding

Vegetable and insect items. Forages on ground; in pairs and in family groups.


Little information. Nests with chicks recorded at least from mid Aug to early Feb, two of them containing 2 and 3 chicks respectively; also... read more



Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Previously considered Near Threatened, but appears to be more numerous than was realized. Fairly common to common. Extended its range during 1970s,... read more

Recommended citation

Jaramillo, A. (2019). Red-cowled Cardinal (Paroaria dominicana). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 13 December 2019).