Family Parrots (Psittacidae)


Red-crowned Amazon (Amazona viridigenalis)


French: Amazone à joues vertes German: Grünwangenamazone Spanish: Amazona tamaulipeca
Other common names: Red-crowned Parrot, Green-cheeked Amazon

Chrysotis viridigenalis


, 1853,

South America; error = north-eastern Mexico


Molecular study suggests that this species is closest to A. finschi and A. autumnalis (presumably with forms previously included in latter)#R. Monotypic.


NE Mexico (Tamaulipas, San Luis Potosí and NE Querétaro; formerly in Nuevo León and Veracruz); population recently established in urban areas of S Texas (extreme S USA) possibly consists of wild birds, rather than escaped cagebirds.

Introduced or feral populations in various cities in S USA, and small ones in Puerto Rico and Hawaiian Is (Oahu) and in several parts of Mexico.

Descriptive notes

30–35 cm; 293–345 g. Lores and forehead to mid-crown red, bare orbital ring white, cheeks and ear-coverts bright green, with bluish grey extending from above eye down sides... read more


A variety of screeches and calls. In flight, a diagnostic, shrill, upslurred squeal typically... read more


Tropical evergreen gallery forest in arid lowlands, deciduous woodland on slopes and in canyons,... read more

Food and feeding

Nuts, berries, buds, flowers and fruit are taken according to season, with pine seeds important for some populations; acorns, ... read more


Mar–May. Nest in woodpecker holes or in old trees with natural cavities such as Taxodium mucronatum, Bumelia laetivirens... read more


Evidently nomadic or with unclear migratory pattern in winter, birds becoming more abundant at... read more

Status and conservation

ENDANGERED. CITES II. A BirdLife “restricted-range” species, confined to 7800 km2 on the Atlantic coastal plane of NE Mexico. Formerly occurred as far south as... read more

Recommended citation

Collar, N., Boesman, P. & Sharpe, C.J. (2019). Red-crowned Amazon (Amazona viridigenalis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 9 December 2019).