Family Asian Barbets (Megalaimidae)

Near Threatened

Red-crowned Barbet (Psilopogon rafflesii)


French: Barbu bigarré German: Vielfarben-Bartvogel Spanish: Barbudo multicolor

Bucco Rafflesii


, 1839,

Bangka Island, Sumatra


May be related rather closely to P. javensis; both have traditionally been thought to belong to a group that includes also P. mystacophanos, P. corvinus and P. chrysopogon, but last two of these appear not closely related to the others. Birds from S Myanmar and Malay Peninsula described as race malayensis, those from Belitung I and adjacent Mendanau Is as billitonis and those from Borneo as borneensis, but no constant differences in plumage coloration or size sufficient to warrant subspecific recognition. Monotypic.


S Myanmar (S Tenasserim) and peninsular Thailand S to Singapore, E Sumatra, Bangka and Belitung, and Borneo.

Descriptive notes

c. 26 cm; 99–150 g. Large, chunky green barbet. Both sexes have red crown, red spot below eye, red mark on side of neck, black and yellow face, as well as blue throat... read more


Song starts with low “took” notes at 1 per second, leading to “tuk” notes... read more


Inhabits primary forest, as well as old second-growth forest, Shorea pavonina forest, and... read more

Food and feeding

Little known, as forages in forest canopy. Diverse fruits, such as figs, some cultivated fruits; also insects, some dug from bark with... read more


Jan–Jul; Nov–May in Sumatra. Very little known, and no data on courtship behaviour. Nest reportedly excavated at 1–5 m in... read more


Resident, and sedentary so far as is known.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near-threatened. Known to range from scarce to locally fairly common in mainland part of range, but populations now fragmented... read more

Recommended citation

Short, L.L. & Horne, J.F.M. (2020). Red-crowned Barbet (Psilopogon rafflesii). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 26 February 2020).