Family Pigeons, Doves (Columbidae)

Least Concern

Red-eyed Dove (Streptopelia semitorquata)


French: Tourterelle à collier German: Halbmondtaube Spanish: Tórtola ojirroja

Columba semitorquata


, 1837,

Taranta Mountains, Eritrea


Closely related to S. decipiens. Proposed races include erythrophrys (Senegal), chersophila (N Somalia), minor (S Somalia) and maxima (Ngamiland, in N Botswana). Monotypic.


SW Arabia, and Africa S of Sahara from Senegal and S Mali E to Eritrea and NW Somalia, and S to N Namibia, N Botswana and South Africa (S to Western Cape).

Descriptive notes

30 cm; 162–310 g. Largest of the “ringneck” species. Forehead pale bluish grey merging to a darker hue on crown; neck, breast and underparts dark mauve-pink... read more


Advertising call a continuously repeated six-note phrase comprising four rhythmic subdued coos... read more


Dense woodland and Acacia thickets close to a source of water; also riparian woodland,... read more

Food and feeding

Food items noted include maize, sunflower (Helianthus), castor seed (Ricinus communis), bullrush millet (Pennisetum... read more


Patterns vary locally, but recorded in all months in Nigeria, E Africa, Zimbabwe and South Africa. Nest consists of platforms of twigs,... read more


Local movements have been noted in Cameroon, Gambia and Nigeria with the onset of the wet season. read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Little precise information available, but species appears to be frequent to abundant and generally rather common throughout much of extensive range.... read more

Recommended citation

Baptista, L.F., Trail, P.W., Horblit, H.M., Boesman, P. & Garcia, E.F.J. (2020). Red-eyed Dove (Streptopelia semitorquata). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 21 January 2020).