Family New World Warblers (Parulidae)

Least Concern

Red-faced Warbler (Cardellina rubrifrons)


French: Paruline à face rouge German: Dreifarben-Waldsänger Spanish: Reinita carirroja

Muscicapa rubrifrons


, 1841,

Texas; error = Mexico


Sister to both species that were previously placed in genus Ergaticus (C. rubra and C. versicolor)#R. Birds from Guatemala proposed as a geographical race, bella, but this generally considered not tenable. Treated as monotypic.


SW USA (from Arizona and SW New Mexico) S in NW Mexico to S Durango. Winters from Sinaloa and Durango S through highlands of Mexico and Guatemala to W Honduras and N El Salvador.

Descriptive notes

14 cm; 8·2–11·2 g. Unmistakable, with distinctive head pattern and coloration. Male has mostly red head, black on central crown extending down side to... read more


Song a series of ringing whistled notes, those towards end sounding sharply slurred, and with... read more


Breeds in pine-oak (Pinus-Quercus), spruce (Picea) and fir (Abies... read more

Food and feeding

Feeds mainly, perhaps entirely on insects, especially lepidopteran larvae, also flies (Diptera) and homopteran bugs. Forages mainly by... read more


Season May–Jul, egg-laying May–Jun. At least one record of a male and two females attending same nest. In studies on Mogollon... read more


Short-distance to medium-distance migrant. Disperses from nesting area from late Jun, soon after... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Fairly common throughout most of range; less common near limits of geographical distribution. Populations described as stable or... read more

Recommended citation

Curson, J. (2020). Red-faced Warbler (Cardellina rubrifrons). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 20 February 2020).