Family Rails, Gallinules, Coots (Rallidae)

Least Concern

Red-fronted Coot (Fulica rufifrons)


French: Foulque à front rouge German: Rotstirn-Blässhuhn Spanish: Focha frentirroja

Tulica [sic] rufifrons

R. A. Philippi [Krumwiede] and Landbeck

, 1861,





Coastal S Peru and C Chile; S Paraguay, coastal SE Brazil and Uruguay S to EC Argentina (E Chubut). Erroneous records from NW Argentina (Jujuy, Tucumán) based on confusion with F. armillata#R.

Descriptive notes

38–43 cm; two males 685–735 g, one female 550 g. Unlike other coots, lacks greatly enlarged lobes on feet. Dark slate grey, blacker on head and neck; prominent... read more


A long, chattering series of calls, described as “togo togo togo..., cu cu cu..., puhú... read more


Semi-open marshes and reedy lakes, especially with much floating duckweed and water-ferns and often... read more

Food and feeding

Primarily a surface feeder, pecking at Azolla and duckweed mats, but also dives skilfully and grazes in upland areas adjacent to... read more


In Chile lays Sept–Oct; Argentina, May–Nov; Peru, Sept–Jan. Monogamous. Nest of plant material; rather small for the... read more


No regular movements recorded, but records of casual birds and occasional influxes indicate some... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Not uncommon over most of range, and abundant in pampas marshes, but scarce in Rio Grande do Sul. Population apparently... read more

Recommended citation

Taylor, B. (2019). Red-fronted Coot (Fulica rufifrons). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 15 December 2019).