Family Parrots (Psittacidae)

Critically Endangered

Red-fronted Macaw (Ara rubrogenys)


French: Ara de Lafresnaye German: Rotohrara Spanish: Guacamayo de Cochabamba

Ara rubro-genys


, 1847,





C Bolivia (S Cochabamba, W Santa Cruz, N Chuquisaca and NE Potosí).

Descriptive notes

55–60 cm; 450–650 g. Broad red forehead running up and back to above eye; bare orbital ring and strip at base of bill pale pinkish red; rear ear-coverts, shoulder... read more


Short, shrill ringing call, similar to A. severus and reminiscent of Aratinga,... read more


Arid montane scrub, deciduous and cactus woodland in intermontane valleys and gorges at 1100–... read more

Food and feeding

The legumes Schinopsis quebracho and Prosopis chilensis and a cactus Cereus (or Neocardenasia) are... read more


Oct–Mar, sometimes later, but apparently timed so that fledging coincides with period of maximum food availability, in Feb–Mar... read more


No evidence of any displacements.

Status and conservation

CRITICALLY ENDANGERED. CITES I. Restricted-range species, largely confined to valleys of R Grande, R Mizque, R Caine and R Pilcomayo in SC Bolivia. Very small and declining... read more

Recommended citation

Collar, N., Boesman, P. & Sharpe, C.J. (2019). Red-fronted Macaw (Ara rubrogenys). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 10 December 2019).