Family Parrots (Psittacidae)


Red-fronted Parrotlet (Touit costaricensis)


French: Toui du Costa Rica German: Costa-Rica-Papagei Spanish: Cotorrita costarricense

Urochroma costaricensis


, 1913,

near Puerto Limón, Costa Rica


Sometimes treated as conspecific with T. dilectissimus. Monotypic.


Mountains of Costa Rica to CW Panama (E to Coclé), mainly on Caribbean slope.

Descriptive notes

17 cm; 80 g. Like T. dilectissimus but forehead to mid-crown red, and subocular red patch more extensive, blue on face much diminished, throat yellowish. Female has... read more


Most common call in flight is a slightly nasal “kyee kyee”. When perched, has a more varied... read more


Cool, very wet montane evergreen forest in the middle altitude subtropical belt and, seasonally,... read more

Food and feeding

Fruits from trees and epiphytes, including melastomes, ericads like Cavendishia, and Clusia.


Probably breeds in dry season. Eggs probably 2–3, given family parties of 4–5.


Resident, but extensive alti­tudinal migrant, rising to 3000 m in dry season and descending... read more

Status and conservation

VULNERABLE. CITES II. Previously considered Near Threatened. A BirdLife “restricted-range” species. Uncommon to rare, although probably much overlooked and... read more

Recommended citation

Collar, N. & Boesman, P. (2019). Red-fronted Parrotlet (Touit costaricensis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 12 December 2019).