French: Serin à front d’or German: Rotstirngirlitz Spanish: Serín frentirrojo
Other common names:
near Caucasus and Caspian Sea
NW, CS, E & NE Turkey E to S Caucasus, N Iraq, W, N & SE Iran, and S Turkmenistan E to SE Kazakhstan (Tarbagatai Range, Dzhungarskiy Alatau and Tien Shan) and NW & SW China (NW & W Xinjiang, SW Xizang) and S to NW, C & E Afghanistan and N Indian Subcontinent (NW & N Pakistan E to C Nepal). Non-breeding also S to Lebanon, N Israel and SW Syria.
10·5–13 cm; 9·5–13·5 g. Small finch with short, stubby bill, tail forked at tip. Male has bright red to deep orange circular or oval patch on... read more
Song, often from tops of trees, bushes or similar prominent perch, also in flight, a rapid series... read more
Breeds in montane and submontane forests of birch (Betula), pine (Pinus), juniper... read more
Food and feeding
Mainly seeds, shoots, flowerheads and fruits, together with small numbers of insects. Takes seeds of variety of trees, including alder (... read more
Season Apr–Aug; two broods, in Kazakhstan usually only one. Monogamous; pair-forming usually occurs in dispersing winter flocks.... read more
Resident and migratory. Post-breeding dispersal away from breeding areas, mostly by juveniles, in... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Common or locally common, uncommon in W & NW China; locally common in NW Himalayas in winter. No estimate of total population available; between... read more
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