Family Finches (Fringillidae)

Least Concern

Red-headed Bullfinch (Pyrrhula erythrocephala)


French: Bouvreuil à tête rouge German: Rotkopfgimpel Spanish: Camachuelo cabecirrojo

Pyrrhula erythrocephala


, 1832,

Simla–Almora district, north-west India




Himalayas from SE Kashmir E to Bhutan, NE India (E to W Arunachal Pradesh) and SW China (SE Xizang).

Descriptive notes

17 cm; 18–27·6 g. Medium-large bullfinch with short, curved bill and long, notched tail. Male has lower forehead and lores to behind eye and across cheek to chin... read more


Song a low mellow "terp-terp-tee" or "heer-t-yeer, heer-t-yeer, yeer-phew".... read more


Lower montane and submontane dense conifer forests of cedar (Cedrus), juniper (... read more

Food and feeding

Mostly seeds of a variety of trees and plants, including birch, willows, docks (Rumex), nettles (Urtica); also buds,... read more


Season at least May, Jul and Aug. Nest a cup of twigs, plant fibres, roots and lichen (Usnea), placed up to 3 m above ground in... read more


Resident and partial altitudinal migrant. In non-breeding season descends to lower levels of... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Common or locally common; erratic in occurrence in some parts of the range. Probably the commonest member of its genus in Himalayas.

Recommended citation

Clement, P. (2020). Red-headed Bullfinch (Pyrrhula erythrocephala). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 23 January 2020).