Family Waxbills (Estrildidae)

Near Threatened

Red-headed Parrotfinch (Erythrura cyaneovirens)


Taxonomy

French: Diamant vert-bleu German: Samoapapageiamadine Spanish: Diamante verdiazul
Taxonomy:

Geospiza cyaneovirens

Peale

, 1848,

Upolu, Samoa

.

Has at times been placed with E. psittacea in a separate genus, Amblynura. Usually considered conspecific with E. pealii; see that species. Nominate race and gaughrani sometimes thought to form a subspecies group, with regia and serena constituting another; evidence for this, however, seems unconvincing. Race gaughrani described from a single adult and a series of young birds; validity perhaps requires confirmation. Proposed race efatensis (from Éfaté, in S Vanuatu) considered a synonym of serena. Four subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • E. c. regia (P. L. Sclater, 1881) – N Vanuatu (S to Emae), including Banks Is (Gaua).
  • E. c. serena (P. L. Sclater, 1881) – Éfaté and Anatom (Aneitym), in S Vanuatu.
  • E. c. gaughrani duPont, 1972 – Savaii, in Samoa.
  • E. c. cyaneovirens (Peale, 1848) – Upolu, in Samoa.
  • Descriptive notes

    10 cm; male mean 13·1 g and female 13·3 g (regia), male 10·5 g and female 10·7 g (pealii), and male 10·5 g and female 11... read more

    Voice

    Call a high, thin "seep"; song a high-pitched trill.

    Habitat

    Forest; at all elevations, from sea-level to mountains. In Samoa (nominate race and gaughrani... read more

    Food and feeding

    Wild figs and fruits of casuarina (Casuarina); also rice, seeds of other grasses and herbs; also insects and spiders (Araneae);... read more

    Breeding

    Observed in Jan–Apr, Jul and Aug. Male bundles nesting material in bill, flies to female while giving trilling song, and pair engages... read more

    Movements

    No information. Suspected that race regia is nomadic in its search for figs.

    Status and conservation

    Not assessed. Probably not globally threatened. Races regia and serena (often treated as constituting a separate species) VULNERABLE. Restricted range... read more

    Recommended citation

    Payne, R. (2018). Red-headed Parrotfinch (Erythrura cyaneovirens). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/61158 on 11 December 2018).