Family Waxbills (Estrildidae)

Near Threatened

Red-headed Parrotfinch (Erythrura cyaneovirens)


French: Diamant vert-bleu German: Samoapapageiamadine Spanish: Diamante verdiazul

Geospiza cyaneovirens


, 1848,

Upolu, Samoa


Has at times been placed with E. psittacea in a separate genus, Amblynura. Usually considered conspecific with E. pealii; see that species. Nominate race and gaughrani sometimes thought to form a subspecies group, with regia and serena constituting another; evidence for this, however, seems unconvincing. Race gaughrani described from a single adult and a series of young birds; validity perhaps requires confirmation. Proposed race efatensis (from Éfaté, in S Vanuatu) considered a synonym of serena. Four subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • E. c. regia (P. L. Sclater, 1881) – N Vanuatu (S to Emae), including Banks Is (Gaua).
  • E. c. serena (P. L. Sclater, 1881) – Éfaté and Anatom (Aneitym), in S Vanuatu.
  • E. c. gaughrani duPont, 1972 – Savaii, in Samoa.
  • E. c. cyaneovirens (Peale, 1848) – Upolu, in Samoa.
  • Descriptive notes

    10 cm; male mean 13·1 g and female 13·3 g (regia), male 10·5 g and female 11·5 g (nominate). Male nominate race has forehead and crown to... read more


    Song in Samoa a rapid high-pitched metallic trill that trails off in volume and pitch over c. 1... read more


    Forest at all elevations, from sea-level to mountains. In Samoa (nominate race and gaughrani... read more

    Food and feeding

    Eclectic, at least in Samoa. Wild figs and fruits of casuarina (Casuarina); occasionally various seeds, also insects and spiders (... read more


    Observed in Jan–Apr, Jul and Aug. Male bundles nesting material in bill, flies to female while giving trilling song, and pair engages... read more


    No information; probably resident, with short movements. Suspected that race regia is... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near Threatened. Races regia and serena (often treated as constituting a separate species) VULNERABLE.... read more

    Recommended citation

    Payne, R. & Christie, D.A. (2019). Red-headed Parrotfinch (Erythrura cyaneovirens). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 7 December 2019).