Family Parrots (Psittacidae)

Least Concern

Red Lory (Eos bornea)


French: Lori écarlate German: Rotlori Spanish: Lori rojo

Psittacus borneus


, 1758,

Borneo, India; error = Ambon


Name bornea was replaced for a time recently by rubra, but new evidence concerning nutritional effects on plumage now explains anomalies in plate from which bornea was described#R. Form described as E. goodfellowi seems likely to represent immature of present species introduced to Obi. Race name cyanonotha misspelt in HBW as cyanothorus. Various populations have been awarded separate races on basis of purported size differences, but variability within these populations, or evidence of clines, suggests that size cannot be used as a subspecific character. Proposed races bernsteini (Kai Is) and rothschildi (Seram) invalid, as differences due to clinal variation. Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • E. b. cyanonotha (Vieillot, 1818) – S Moluccas (Buru).
  • E. b. bornea (Linnaeus, 1758) – S Moluccas (Boano, Seram, Ambon, Haruku, Saparua, Banda Is, Seram Laut Is, Watubela Is, Tayandu Is, Kai Is).
  • Small introduced population (unknown subspecies) in Taiwan.

    Descriptive notes

    31 cm. Red; bill orange to orange-yellow; bare orbital ring dark grey; wing-coverts and secondaries tipped black; primaries black with red speculum; lower tertials and... read more


    Utters mostly short, distinctly nasal, screeches such as “kyek!” or “kenk”, sometimes alternated... read more


    Lowland forest, mangroves, secondary forest and coconut plantations, chiefly in coastal areas, but... read more

    Food and feeding

    Birds have been seen feeding in flowering Eugenia and Erythrina trees; remains of small insects found in stomachs.... read more


    Nest-site prospection noted Aug–Sept; nestlings, Dec. Nest in hollow high in old tree. Clutch size unknown, but egg size (in... read more


    Small groups frequently cross between islands in the Kai group. Seasonal fluctuations on Ambon have... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. CITES II. A BirdLife “restricted-range” species. Common to abundant, often in flocks up to 30. However, also heavily traded:... read more

    Recommended citation

    Collar, N., Kirwan, G.M. & Boesman, P. (2019). Red Lory (Eos bornea). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 13 December 2019).