Family Woodpeckers (Picidae)

Least Concern

Red-necked Woodpecker (Campephilus rubricollis)


French: Pic à cou rouge German: Rothalsspecht Spanish: Picamaderos cuellirrojo

Picus rubricollis


, 1783,



This species, and all current congeners except C. magellanicus, C. principalis and C. imperialis, formerly placed in genus Phloeoceastes. Race trachelopyrus intergrades with nominate in SW of range. Three subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • C. r. rubricollis (Boddaert, 1783) – E Colombia and E Ecuador to Venezuela, the Guianas and N Brazil (N of Amazon).
  • C. r. trachelopyrus (Malherbe, 1857) – NE Peru and W Brazil (S of Amazon) S to WC Bolivia (La Paz).
  • C. r. olallae (Gyldenstolpe, 1945) – Brazil S of Amazon (from R Madeira E to Pará and Maranhão) and S to C Bolivia (Cochabamba) and N Mato Grosso.
  • Descriptive notes

    30–32 cm; 178–239 g. Male has small oval spot of black and white on lower rear ear-coverts; rest of head, crest and neck to uppermost mantle bright red, feathers... read more


    Explosive nasal “ngkah-ngkah”, “kiahh”, and “querra-querra”,... read more


    Rainforest, terra firme and várzea forests, cloudforest, forest edge, light... read more

    Food and feeding

    Large larvae of beetles and moths (Pyralidae). In pairs or small family parties. Forages actively from middle to upper levels, on trunks... read more


    Jan–May in N part of range, Nov in Ecuador, and Sept in Peru. Nest situated in live or dead trunk; has oval-shaped entrance; only one... read more



    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Often the commonest large woodpecker within its range. Rare to uncommon and seemingly local in Ecuador; fairly common in Peru. Occurs in several... read more

    Recommended citation

    Winkler, H. & Christie, D.A. (2020). Red-necked Woodpecker (Campephilus rubricollis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 25 February 2020).