Family Cotingas (Cotingidae)

Least Concern

Red-ruffed Fruitcrow (Pyroderus scutatus)


French: Coracine ignite German: Rotkehlkotinga Spanish: Yacutoro

Coracias scutata


, 1792,

Nova Friburgo, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil


Some morphological differences both among and within races#R, while recent phylogenetic study#R found significant genetic variation (both mitochondrial and nuclear DNA) between nominate race (from Paraguay) and masoni (Peru), suggesting that some taxa may represent distinct species; further research needed. Five subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • P. s. occidentalis Chapman, 1914 – W Andes and W slope of C Andes of Colombia, and W slope in NW Ecuador (S to Pichincha).
  • P. s. granadensis (Lafresnaye, 1846) – Sierra de Perijá (on Colombia–Venezuela border), N & W Venezuela (Andes, and Coastal Range E to Distrito Federal) and E Andes and E slope of C Andes of Colombia.
  • P. s. masoni Ridgway, 1886 – Andes of N & C Peru (Amazonas to Pasco).
  • P. s. orenocensis (Lafresnaye, 1846) – E Venezuela (NE Bolívar) and adjacent N Guyana.
  • P. s. scutatus (Shaw, 1792) – SE Brazil (Bahia and S Goiás S to Rio Grande do Sul), E Paraguay and NE Argentina (Misiones, Corrientes).
  • Descriptive notes

    Male 43–46 cm, two birds (scutatus) 413 g and 419 g; female 36–39 cm, two birds (scutatus) 350 g and 390 g, two (granadensis) 300 g and... read more


    Male advertising call a double boom consisting of two brief, but intense, hollow-sounding pulses of... read more


    Forest and forest borders, mainly humid and montane forest; lowland and locally drier forest in E... read more

    Food and feeding

    Fruit, and large insects. Many kinds of fruit recorded, from large ones (e.g. palms, nutmegs) to small ones (Cecropia, ... read more


    Laying in Mar–Jul, peak Apr–May, in C Andes of Colombia. Lek display rarely seen, small groups of males gather close together... read more


    Mostly resident. Tendency for individuals of Brazilian population (nominate) to appear briefly in... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Uncommon to rare, and generally local. Populations in some areas reduced by deforestation. Occurs in many protected areas, including... read more

    Recommended citation

    Snow, D. (2020). Red-ruffed Fruitcrow (Pyroderus scutatus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 24 February 2020).