Family New World Blackbirds (Icteridae)

Least Concern

Red-rumped Cacique (Cacicus haemorrhous)


French: Cassique cul-rouge German: Rotbürzelkassike Spanish: Cacique lomirrojo

O[riolus]. hæmorrhous


, 1766,

French Guiana


Three subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • C. h. haemorrhous (Linnaeus, 1766) – SE Venezuela E to French Guiana, S to E Colombia, E Ecuador and N Brazil (Roraima).
  • C. h. pachyrhynchus Berlepsch, 1889 – Amazon Basin in Brazil (Amazonas and Pará S to Rondônia and NW Mato Grosso), E Peru and N Bolivia.
  • C. h. affinis Swainson, 1834 – E Brazil (Pernambuco and S Tocantins S to Santa Catarina), E Paraguay and NE Argentina (S to Corrientes).
  • Descriptive notes

    Male 29 cm, average 96·5 g; female mean 25·2 cm, 62–74 g. A large, black cacique. Male nominate race is glossy black, apart from bright red lower back and rump; iris light... read more


    Loud, complex and varied repertoire of songs and calls, particularly among males. Vocalizations of... read more


    Forest (both primary and second growth), clearings and plantations in forests, forest edges, and... read more

    Food and feeding

    Insects and other arthropods, also small vertebrates, fruit and nectar. Wild fruits taken (by race affinis) include Cabralea... read more


    Season Sept–May in Suriname and Aug–Jan in Argentina. Dominant males successively polygynous, pair-bond ending with start of incubation.... read more


    Apparently sedentary. In NE Argentina moves to more continuous forest during non-breeding season,... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Relatively scarce in N half of range, where it is rarer than C. cela; rare and local in Ecuador and much of Amazonia. Race affinis... read more

    Recommended citation

    Fraga, R. (2020). Red-rumped Cacique (Cacicus haemorrhous). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 23 January 2020).