French: Hirondelle rousseline German: Rötelschwalbe Spanish: Golondrina dáurica
Mount Schlangen, near Zmeinogorsk, Altai, Russia
Subspecies and Distribution
C. d. rufula
(Temminck, 1835) – Western Red-rumped Swallow – SW & S Europe (Iberian Peninsula, Mediterranean countries) and N Africa E to S Asia Minor, Levant (S to Israel), Arabian Peninsula, N Somalia#R, W & S Iran, Pakistan, NW India and Tien Shan; winters Africa and SW Asia.
C. d. nipalensis
(Hodgson, 1837) – Himalayas E to SE Xizang (Tibet) and N Myanmar; winters India.
C. d. erythropygia
(Sykes, 1832) – India from Punjab E to West Bengal, and S; winters S India and Sri Lanka.
C. d. daurica
(Laxmann, 1769) – Asian Red-rumped Swallow – NE Kazakhstan E to SE Russia (W Amurland) and N Inner Mongolia, S to SC China (S to N Yunnan); winters S & SE Asia.
C. d. japonica
(Temminck & Schlegel, 1845) – E Amurland, NE, E & S China, Korea and Japan; winters SE Asia S to N Australia.
C. d. mayri
(B. P. Hall, 1953) – NE Bangladesh, NE India, N Myanmar and S China (SW Yunnan); winters N, E & S Myanmar, NW Thailand and Vietnam (E Tonkin, C Annam).
C. d. stanfordi
(Mayr, 1941) – N, E & S Myanmar, NW & NE Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, C & S Annam and Cochinchina.
C. d. vernayi
(Kinnear, 1924) – S Myanmar (N Tenasserim) and W Thailand.
C. d. striolata
(Schlegel, 1844) – Striated Swallow – Taiwan, Philippines, Greater Sundas, and Lesser Sundas E to Wetar and Timor.
C. d. badia
Cassin, 1853 – Rufous-bellied Swallow – Malay Peninsula.
C. d. domicella
(Heuglin, 1869) – #RAfrica from Senegambia and Guinea E to SW Sudan, W & S South Sudan and SW Ethiopia.
C. d. melanocrissus
Rüppell, 1845 – African Red-rumped Swallow – highlands of Ethiopia and Eritrea.
C. d. kumboensis
(Bannerman, 1923) – Sierra Leone (Birwa Plateau) and W Cameroon (Bamenda Highlands).
C. d. emini
(Reichenow, 1892) – SE South Sudan, Uganda and C Kenya S to N Zambia and Malawi.
16–17 cm; 19–29 g (rufula), 22·5–30 g (emini). Distinctive. Nominate race has glossy deep blue crown and back separated by... read more
Short twittering song; calls include a contact call “djuit”, a mewing territorial call... read more
Open hilly country and mountains, river gorges, valleys, sea cliffs, cultivation, and human... read more
Food and feeding
Adult diet includes flies (Diptera), beetles (Coleoptera), bugs (Hemiptera), termites (Isoptera), Orthoptera, Hymenoptera. In a study of 25... read more
Season Apr–Sept in Europe, Feb to mid Aug in Arabia, mainly Apr–Aug in Himalayas, India and Sri Lanka, Jun–Jul in E Asia... read more
Migratory in N parts of range, but mostly resident in S. Forms small post-breeding flocks of tens... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Common in most of range; uncommon to locally common in W Africa; rather local in E Africa, where occurs in several protected areas in... read more
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