Formerly treated as conspecific with A. phoeniceus, but the two differ markedly in sexual dimorphism, in mating and nesting behaviour and in size; molecular data support treatment as separate species. Birds from I of Pines formerly separated as a geographical race, subniger, but description was based on immature specimens. Monotypic.
W & C Cuba, including I of Pines.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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