French: Buse à épaulettes German: Rotschulterbussard Spanish: Busardo de hombro rojo
J. F. Gmelin
Long Island, New York, USA
Subspecies and Distribution
B. l. elegans
Cassin, 1855 – Western Red-shouldered Hawk – W USA (S Oregon and California) and NW Mexico (Baja California).
B. l. lineatus
(J. F. Gmelin, 1788) – Eastern Red-shouldered Hawk – E North America, from SE Canada (SE Ontario to New Brunswick) to C USA; some winter as far S as Mexico (S to Jalisco and Veracruz).
B. l. texanus
Bishop, 1912 – S USA (S Texas).
B. l. alleni
Ridgway, 1885 – SE USA (E Oklahoma and E Texas to South Carolina and N Florida).
B. l. extimus
Bangs, 1920 – SE USA (C & S Florida and Florida Keys).
38–47 cm; males averages 550 g, larger female averages 701 g; wingspan 90–114 cm. Medium-sized, slender-bodied, tan to rufous woodland buzzard, with bold black-... read more
Commonest vocalization, used in territory maintenance (and other contexts) a scream “kee-aaah... read more
Mature lowland mixed deciduous-coniferous woodlands, in E USA especially alluvial, swampy and... read more
Food and feeding
Varied; takes small mammals (from shrews, mainly, to chipmunks), reptiles (mostly snakes, but some lizards and small turtles), birds (... read more
Laying mainly Apr–May in Canada; Feb–Jun in California; Jan–Jun in Texas and Florida (season lasts until Sept even in S... read more
N populations migrate to winter from C USA, where populations resident, to NE Mexico (S to Jalisco... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). CITES II. In NE USA, reaches densities of 0·22 nests/100 ha. May have undergone slight overall decline since 1946; thought to... read more
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