Family Pheasants, Partridges, Turkeys, Grouse (Phasianidae)

Least Concern

Red Spurfowl (Galloperdix spadicea)


French: Galloperdrix rouge German: Rotes Spornhuhn Spanish: Faisancillo rojo

Tetrao spadiceus

J. F. Gmelin

, 1789,

Madagascar; error = Ootacamund, Nilgiri Hills, India


Races intergrade#R. Three subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • G. s. caurina Blanford, 1898 – NW India (Aravalli Hills, in S Rajasthan).
  • G. s. spadicea (J. F. Gmelin, 1789) – Peninsular India (Uttar Pradesh and S Bihar S to Karnataka and Tamil Nadu).
  • G. s. stewarti E. C. S. Baker, 1919 – SW India (Kerala).
  • Descriptive notes

    35·5–38 cm; 284–454 g. Rather long-bodied with relatively long, dark tail. Upperparts scaled, sometimes appearing rather frosted. Female generally has... read more


    Male’s advertising call is an emphatic crowing “k-r-r-r-kwek, kr-kr-kwek, kr-kr-kwek... read more


    Occupies a variety of habitat types, both dry and moist, especially those in hilly ground that... read more

    Food and feeding

    Seeds, berries, fruits, especially figs, and various invertebrates. Mainly forages within vegetation, though will feed on paths and at... read more


    Reported in most months: spadicea generally in Jan–Jun; caurina May–Jun; and stewarti in most months... read more


    Sedentary, remaining in same area for long periods. When alarmed, dodges from one piece of cover to... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Mace Lande: safe. Considered safe because of extensive range, throughout which it is considered widely scattered; also because at any... read more

    Recommended citation

    McGowan, P.J.K. & Kirwan, G.M. (2019). Red Spurfowl (Galloperdix spadicea). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 8 December 2019).