Family Woodpeckers (Picidae)

Least Concern

Red-stained Woodpecker (Veniliornis affinis)


Taxonomy

French: Pic affin German: Blutflügelspecht Spanish: Carpintero teñido
Taxonomy:

Picus affinis

Swainson

, 1821,

Bahia, Brazil

.

Member of the V. passerinus clade (see V. passerinus). Formerly was often treated as conspecific with V. chocoensis, but differs in plumage, habitat choice and, reputedly, vocalizations; sometimes believed to be conspecific with V. cassini, but study needed of circumstances in apparent small range of overlap. Races intergrade to large extent; specimen from E Colombia described as separate race caquetanus, but considered to represent subadult of orenocensis. Four subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • V. a. orenocensis Berlepsch & E. J. O. Hartert, 1902 – SE Colombia (Meta to Putumayo and Vaupés), S Venezuela and N Brazil N of R Amazon (E to R Negro).
  • V. a. hilaris (Cabanis & Heine, 1863) – E Ecuador, E Peru and W Brazil (E to R Madeira) S to N Bolivia and W Mato Grosso.
  • V. a. ruficeps (Spix, 1824) – C & NE Brazil S of Amazon (E from R Madeira) S to Mato Grosso.
  • V. a. affinis (Swainson, 1821) – E Brazil (Alagoas, Pernambuco and E Bahia).
  • Descriptive notes

    c. 15–18 cm; 32–44 g. Male has cinnamon-buff lower forehead and lores, black upper forehead and crown with feathers broadly tipped red, becoming golden-yellow on... read more

    Voice

    Series of up to c. 10–14 high-pitched nasal “ghi” or “kih” notes... read more

    Habitat

    Tall rainforest; less common in forest edge, second growth and scrub; in humid lowland terra... read more

    Food and feeding

    Arthropods; also fond of fruit. Forages singly, only occasionally in pairs; regular in mixed-species flocks. Foraging strata mostly high,... read more

    Breeding

    Presumed to be Jan–Sept. No information.

    Movements

    Apparently resident.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Uncommon to locally fairly common in Ecuador; uncommon in Peru. Occurs in Manu National Park (Peru), Murici Reserve, Sooretama Biological Reserve,... read more

    Recommended citation

    Winkler, H. & Christie, D.A. (2018). Red-stained Woodpecker (Veniliornis affinis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/56253 on 24 September 2018).