Present species often treated as conspecific with P. pipile, P. cumanensis and P. grayi (with P. pipile as species name); some authors include also the more distinct P. jacutinga, of which present species was in past considered a race. Race nattereri has been considered a distinct species, or treated as a race of P. cumanensis, but sympatric with P. grayi in S Mato Grosso (from where intermediate individuals, presumably hybrids, and apparent mixed pairs reported#R); constancy of diagnostic characters (larger dewlap, whiter crown, and much blackish spotting on wing#R) requires reassessment. Species has hybridized in captivity with Penelope superciliaris. Two subspecies currently recognized.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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