French: Bulbul orphée German: Rotohrbülbül Spanish: Bulbul orfeo
Guangzhou, Guangdong, south China
Subspecies and Distribution
P. j. abuensis
(Whistler, 1931) – NW India (W Rajasthan, W Gujarat, N Maharashtra, but absent from more arid areas).
P. j. fuscicaudatus
(Gould, 1866) – W & C India.
P. j. pyrrhotis
(Bonaparte, 1850) – N India (Himachal Pradesh, Punjab E to Arunachal Pradesh) and Nepal.
P. j. emeria
(Linnaeus, 1758) – E India (Ganges Delta S to Rameswaram, in Tamil Nadu), Bangladesh, N, W & S Myanmar (including Arakan Hills) and SW Thailand.
P. j. whistleri
Deignan, 1948 – Andaman Is.
P. j. monticola
(Horsfield, 1840) – E Himalayas in NE India and S Tibet E to N Myanmar and S China (Yunnan).
P. j. pattani
Deignan, 1948 – extreme S Myanmar (S Tenasserim), Thailand, N Peninsular Malaysia, Laos and S Indochina.
P. j. hainanensis
(Hachisuka, 1939) – N Vietnam and S China (S Guangdong, including Naozhou I).
P. j. jocosus
(Linneaus, 1758) – SE China (Guizhou E to Guangxi, E Guangdong and Hong Kong).
18–20·5 cm; 25–31 g. Slim, dark-backed, conspicuous bulbul with long crest, which often held upright. Nominate race has black crown and crest, bright red... read more
Song short and spirited, often second main note highest and loudest, thereafter descending in pitch... read more
Wide range of habitats, including dense hilly woodland, secondary scrub, roadsides, parkland,... read more
Food and feeding
Generalist and opportunist; feeds on fruit (fond of Lantana berries), nectar, flower buds, and invertebrates; around habitations,... read more
In India, breeds Mar–Oct in N and variably throughout year (mostly Dec–May) in S; Apr–May in Andamans and N Thailand; Feb... read more
Essentially resident over much of range, but subject to apparently unpredictable invasive or... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Common in many regions. Abundant in S & W India, and common (at least historically) in NE India; very common in Hong Kong, where... read more
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