São Paulo, Brazil.
Commonly considered conspecific with R. maculicollis, but differs notably in voice, songs being rather similar initially but ending very differently, and appearing less loud, perhaps because populations are less spread out and there is less need to call between distant ridges#R (allow 3); in ecology, with distributions largely discrete altitudinally, inhabiting lowland grasslands that are isolated by bands of unsuitable forest habitat from the upland grassy ridges preferred by R. maculicollis#R (1); and in plumage, males having narrowly buff-scaled vs broadly buff-streaked crown, facial markings less broken up and spotty (ns), plain vs spotted neck and plain vs barred breast (3), more restricted and more narrowly barred vs more broadly and extensively barred wing-coverts (1), and pale grey breast shading to darkish grey vent with vague bars on lower flanks vs uniformly cream underparts with dark bars from breast-sides to flanks(3). Distributional limits of races in Paraguay not well known#R. Three subspecies recognized.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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