French: Bagadais de Retz German: Dreifarben-Brillenvanga Spanish: Prionopo de Retz
“ad flumen Doughe“= Okavango River, southern Africa
Subspecies and Distribution
P. r. nigricans
(Neumann, 1899) – Angola (except N & extreme S), NW Zambia and SE DRCongo.
P. r. graculinus
Cabanis, 1868 – S Somalia, Kenya and NE Tanzania.
P. r. retzii
Wahlberg, 1856 – extreme S Angola (S Huíla and probably Cubango) and S Zambia S to N Namibia, N & E Botswana, Zimbabwe and NE South Africa (Limpopo).
P. r. tricolor
G. R. Gray, 1864 – W & S Tanzania and S & E Zambia S to Malawi, Mozambique, NE South Africa (Mpumalanga, N KwaZulu-Natal) and E Swaziland.
19–24 cm; 33–61 g. Nominate race has head, neck, upper mantle and underside from chin to belly glossy black, including slight crest on forecrown to lores; lower... read more
Highly vocal; at least 16 different vocalizations identified, and some calls may reflect individual... read more
Well-developed, moist deciduous broadleaf woodland, including Baikiaea, Brachystegia... read more
Food and feeding
Diet mainly insects, e.g. beetles (Coleoptera), butterflies and moths (Lepidoptera), caterpillars and other larvae, cicadas (Cicadidae),... read more
Egg-laying mainly Jan–Mar and Sept in E Africa and Aug–Mar (peak Sept–Oct) in C & S Africa, nesting believed... read more
Poorly known. Probably largely resident, with some post-breeding dispersive wandering out of... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Locally common to frequent across large parts of range. Densities typically five times less than those of P. plumatus; in S Mozambique, 35... read more
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